Child Welfare and the Opioid Epidemic

Are recent increases in child welfare cases related to the opioid epidemic?

More than a decade of sustained declines in child protective services maltreatment reports, substantiated reports, and foster care placements started reversing course (for the worse) in 2012.

Meanwhile, the opioid epidemic has continued to intensify, and substance use is impairing a growing number of parents and placing their children at risk of poor parental care. It is well-established that parental substance use challenges children, families, and the child welfare systems charged with ensuring child safety, achieving permanency, and strengthening families to successfully care for their children.

…parental substance use challenges children, families, and the child welfare systems charged with ensuring child safety.

But what is less understood is how drug use, especially opioids and polysubstance use, is associated with the increase in child welfare cases. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services researchers conducted a mixed methods study to explore the relationship between the two trends.

Click here to read the brief that explores their results, from the Institute for Research on Poverty.

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